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Top 10: Misunderstood science terms

Top 10: Misunderstood science terms



Science is everywhere in the world, and in our lives. James Madison once said, “Knowledge will forever govern ignorance; and a people who mean to be their own governors must arm themselves with the power which knowledge gives.” With the abundance of knowledge, it is important to know that there is also an abundance of ignorance.

10. Natural v. artificial
A sizable population of people believes that natural is good and artificial is bad, but the world isn’t painted in black and white. There is plenty of “bad” in natural, like un-pasteurized milk. Some artificial is bad, like artificial sweeteners, but some of it is good, like insulin and prosthetic limbs.

9. Skeptic
A person who denies a scientific claim and uses inadequate evidence to void the claim does not qualify for the title of skeptic. An actual skeptic is an open-minded individual who is open to “fact check” the science itself. In reality, scientists are willing skeptics since they have to check their own claims and correct them.

8. Chemical
A common misconception is that chemicals are a dirty, glowing, radioactive and cancer-causing substance. In reality, it is just a very general term for particular sets of molecules. There are some good chemicals and some bad. You all know what water is made out of: two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom. There you go, you have a chemical. Is water bad?

7. “Miracle”
An event that is unlikely but well timed and positive is something called a coincidence in the logical science world. Sometimes you’ll hit the lottery, sometimes you’ll get struck by lightning. The odds are slim, but someone has to win the lottery. Think of these outcomes as “good luck” in a non-spiritual way.

6. The age of the Earth
The Earth is roughly 4.5 billion years old — hard for the human mind to comprehend, granted that the first human arrived about 100,000 years ago. The age of the Earth is not fact. It is a mere calculation based on complicated evidence such as radioactive decay, meteorites, geological formations and the fossil record.

5. “Brainiacs”
Everybody has an image in their head of a “mad scientist.” Now realize that the image is just a stereotype. Not all scientific thinkers have doctorates and wear lab coats. They just use a mixture of knowledge and critical thinking, something we can all do by taking a science class, watching “Cosmos” and educating ourselves. We may not ever be scientists, but we can all understand science.

4. Hypothesis
When you try to guess or figure out something and say, “it’s just a theory,” you are really using a hypothesis. There is some fact in a hypothesis, but there are other possible outcomes. Conversely, theory is the only possible outcome based on scientific facts. In the scientific world, a hypothesis that is tested and proven can be a stepping stone to a theory.

3. Fact
A fact is a term to show that something is empirical. In order to prove something as a scientific fact, you must be able to observe it and repeat it. This usually applies to natural occurrences, such as physics. Not all facts are scientific. “Africa is a continent” is a general knowledge fact. There is a difference between evidence and fact. Evidence is used to support a claim but doesn’t prove the claim-fact, whereas a fact is a claim proved to be true.

2. Natural selection
Evolution is a widely misunderstood topic. The basic concept of natural selection should be understood first. In the Arctic Circle, imagine a hypothetical ecosystem of white and brown rabbits and wolves. Now fast forward 50 years. The population of the white rabbits will likely increase or remain the same while the brown rabbits will be nearly extinct. This is due to the lack of ability to hide in the snow from their predator, the wolf.

1. Theory
Contrary to popular belief, a theory is not “just an idea.” It is the best-supported explanation available. It is based on fact, not a “guess.” In order to form a theory, you need a good amount of fact to back it up. After a scientist forms a hypothesis, it is peer-reviewed. Some theories can take years to be published, but the beautiful thing about science is that it can change.

What’s your opinion? Share your thoughts by posting a comment on the story at

Arts Briefs

Arts Briefs


Compiled by Katie Stewart-Vacio

Student art exhibit

Artwork created by Pima Community College students will be on display April 6-May 8 at the Annual Juried Student Art Exhibition in the Louis Carlos Bernal Gallery.

The Bernal Gallery is located in the Center for the Arts complex on West Campus. Gallery hours are Monday through Thursday from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m., and Fridays from 10 a.m. to 3 p.m.

A reception and awards ceremony will be held Thursday, April 16, at 2 p.m. The exhibition and reception are free and open to the public.

The exhibit has been recognized as an important showcase for emerging student artists. Students from all PCC campuses were offered an opportunity to present their work in a professional venue to be viewed by the general public.

Three jurors selected the student artwork for this year’s exhibition: Diane Dale, visual artist; Simon Donovan, public artist, and Stephen Strom, photographer and writer.

For more information, call the gallery at 206-6942 or visit

Poetry workshop

Pima Community College’s Downtown Campus will host a Creative Writing Weekend Workshop April 24-26 with Brian Blanchfield.

The workshop will offer focused, intensive exploration of poetry writing, with a variety of activities and lots of hands-on practice.

Workshop hours are 6-8 p.m. on Friday and 9 a.m.-5 p.m. on Saturday and Sunday. Participants will also write on their own Saturday night.

Blanchfield, a poet and essayist, is the author of two books, “Not Even Then” and “A Several World,” which was awarded the 2014 James Laughlin Award from the Academy of American Poets and named a finalist for the 2014 National Book Award in Poetry.

His nonfiction collection, “Onesheets,” is forthcoming from Nightboat Books next winter. Blanchfield is also the poetry editor for Fence magazine.

He has taught creative writing at the University of Arizona, University of Montana, Pratt Institute of Art and Otis College of Art and Design.

Current PCC students can enroll through MyPima. Non-students can fill out an online admission form at, then enroll.

The workshop counts for two credits. The course number is WRT 298T2 and the CRN is 22951. Cost for Arizona residents is $141 for tuition and $21 in fees.

For more information, contact Josie Milliken at or 206-7156, or Brooke Anderson at or 206-7350.

Miss Indian pageant

The Native American Student Association will hold a pageant on March 28 to select Miss Indian Pima Community College.

The main purpose of the pageant is to promote the culture and traditions of Native American students, according to NASA vice chairman Deljean Valentine.

Pageant contestants will showcase their talents through dance, skits, storytelling and singing.  They will also write an essay. The runnerup will hold the title of first attendant.

For additional information, email

Best Bets: Multiple outdoor events abound

Best Bets: Multiple outdoor events abound


Compiled by Deanna Sherman

Mexican Baseball Spring Training:  March 13-29
Four Triple-A teams from the Liga Mexicana De Beisbol league of Mexico will play in a series of 12 exhibition games at the Kino Sports Complex, 2500 E. Ajo Way. Check the website calendar for dates. Fans can purchase tickets at the Kino box office.
Details: or 434-1011

Spring Artisans Market:  March 27-29
Hundreds of Southwestern artisans will sell their works from 10 a.m.-5 p.m. each day in the courtyards of Tucson Museum of Art, 140 N. Main Ave. There will also be live music, food vendors and activities for children. Admission is free.
Details: or 624-2333

Seventh Annual Tucson Tattoo Expo: March 27-29
Live tattooing, tattoo contests, a fashion show, a car show, an art gallery and more will be on display at Hotel Tucson City Center, 475 N. Granada Ave. Tickets cost $10 a day, or $15 for the weekend. See the website for a detailed list of events and times.

Southwest Indian Art Fair: March 28-29
The Arizona State Museum, 1013 E. University Blvd., will host “Southern Arizona’s premier Indian art show and market” on its front lawn from 10 a.m.-5 p.m. on Saturday and 10 a.m.-4 p.m. on Sunday. Some 200 Native artists will discuss their pottery, katsina dolls, paintings, jewelry, baskets, rugs, blankets and more. Other activities include artist demonstrations, live music and dancing. Admission costs $10.

“Once”: March 31- April 5
As part of Centennial Hall’s “Broadway in Tucson” series, the winner of the 2012 Tony Award for Best Musical will be in town through April 5. Check the website below for times and details. UA Centennial Hall is located at 1020 E. University Blvd.






Aries (March 21-April 19)

The battle is yours. This month we all feast in your glory, oh Aries. Perhaps you could benefit from sharing a toast with somebody deserving. Throwing destructive Scorpio some scraps under the table could gain you a loyal pawn to fit to your designs and spare you the lowly task of wiping their guts from your grieves after squishing them like the bug they are, dare they cross you.


Taurus (April 20-May 20)

Taurus, though you believe now is the time to make your move you must look at the board in its entirety. Striking prematurely will only expose your mouth-watering flanks. Look into your enemies eyes and allow them the first mistake, then let loose the herd. Only then shall their shinies be yours.


Gemini (May 21-June 21)

Where knowledge is power for all, misinformation is king and crowned only by you, Gemini. As the fools scurry about preparing for conflict, should you too make haste in fanning the flames of distrust? Going to bed with all sides until the dust settles is not only the key to your survival, it’s also the only way to enjoy yourself in this tavern of life. Every man dreams of twins, and you shall give them all what they want and deserve, both of your faces and a knife in their back.


Cancer (June 22-July22)

Cancer, intuition tells you that the love you seek cannot exist until this madness subsides. However, your answer to this equation will never be heard until you learn to show your work, slow down and stop with the madness that is your own. Casting your talents aside to rant of evil at all hours is raising questions on your sanity, keeping everyone up at night and putting a juicy target on your back.


Leo (July 23- Aug. 22)

How quick your friends are to change flags when another buys their drinks, Leo. In toppling arrogant Ares two can play that game. Spend coin on Cancer’s laments and you will learn that true leadership lies in consoling your fellows. If you manage to quell your pride the gracious moonchild will gift you in prophecy, and the key to hanging your crown on your head, and a set of horns above the mantle.


Virgo (Aug.23-Sept.22)

Virgo, your many virtues going to waste you are more a tragedy than even your brilliance will allow you to comprehend. Believing the free steins you been receiving all night are paid for by kindness, your noble spirit is only trumped by your disgust in Gemini’s ethics. Failing to see where your value really lays; unless you too hike up the skirt, grab the goatskin and start whispering in ears you will find yourself with your back on the dirty hardwood, staring into the hungry eyes of a dominant fire sign and no one to hear your muffled sobs for help.


Libra (Sept.23-Oct.22)

You have made all the right moves, you have secretly pulled the strings for those around you, and you have profited the most with minimal effort. So why is it, Libra that you feel that hole in you growing deeper as you raise your stein to toast those you care not for? Could that just be it? Have you compromised your true romantic heart for a better position in your peers’ eyes, only to find yourself dining amongst thieves? You take a drink but still cannot wash the bad taste from your mouth. It’s your move, but then again, hasn’t it always been? Better not lose your focus, lest you get trampled under hoof.


Scorpio (Oct.23-Nov.21)

Scorpio, you need no fool to announce you. You are where you are in life strictly by your own merit and that is just a fact everyone else is going have to learn, the hard way preferably. Where emotional Cancer squanders their foresight in lunacy, Pluto helps you adapt while Mars reaffirms your position. You are never caught off balance as you roll with the punches and take the fight to your foes and your allies should they forget their place beneath you.


Sagittarius (Nov.22-Dec.21)

With so many easy targets, Sagittarius you may want to apply your dead eye to more challenging game.   Though you are naturally pulled toward Libra your deep passion to be free may leave you not desiring to be tied down just yet. The need to frolic with a less experienced partner will set your sights preying on Virgo’s innocence. Though the mental struggle ensues from the greeting, eventually all lay beneath your charms. The drinks aren’t offering any sanctuary either. Bull’s eye, and you didn’t even break a sweat. You must leave something for the after party.


Capricorn (Dec.22 -Jan.19)

Capricorn, your self-obsession and constant lack of approval for the accomplishments of others have left you grazing in a field all your own. You believe this to be due to your superior work ethic and that is exactly what deceitful Gemini would have you believe. When you nurse others to strength you cannot help but remind them how lost they would be without you. You fail to see the milk has soured until you change this, you will continually expect a parade that will never come.


Aquarius (Jan. 20 -Feb.18)

Unaware that the future lies in that beautiful, rabid fire mind of yours, Aquarius, you’re an enigma even unto yourself. Your bottomless chalice in hand, you sit quietly paving the way for the less fortunate as they destroy themselves and each other with their selfish desires.


Pisces (Feb.19-March 20)

Pisces, although a raving lunatic may not be anybody’s slice of pie when searching for a mate, you can’t necessarily say you have been the most well behaved former lover yourself, can you? Use your combined gifts of premonition to stay one step ahead of the predatory ambitions of others and find what keeps the other happy. This scene was dead a long time ago, but of course you knew that didn’t you?

BEST BETS: Celebrate diversity, creative expression

BEST BETS: Celebrate diversity, creative expression


Compiled by Danyelle Khmara

Get outside this March, and ring in the spring with cultural, art and literary events.

Tucson Festival of Books: March 14-15

Arizona’s largest literary event kicks off Spring Break. See discussions and readings with renowned authors such as Joyce Carol Oats and Noam Chomsky. Participate in free workshops and literary activities for all ages.

Volunteering at the Festival of Books is a great way to get involved and interact with literary figures. There are a variety of volunteer opportunities to choose from to fit individual interests.

The festival takes place at the University of Arizona, from 9:30 a.m.-5:30 p.m. both days.



Wa:k Pow Wow: March 14-15

The annual gathering of American Indian tribes from across the United States will spotlight Southern Arizona’s Tohono O’odham Nation. Activities include traditional dances and music, contests, and craft and food vendors.

Gates open at 10:30 a.m. on Saturday and 10 a.m. on Sunday at Mission San Xavier del Bac, 1950 W. San Xavier Road. Admission is $7 for adults, $6 for children and free for children under 6 years old.



St. Patrick’s Day Festival and Parade: March 15

Celebrate Irish heritage with live music, dancers, vendors, children’s games and cultural tables. The 28th annual festival starts at 10 a.m. in Armory Park, on Sixth Avenue downtown. Admission is free.

The parade begins at 10 a.m., at Stone Avenue and 17th Street, and ends at the park.



Tucson Cine Mexico: March 19-22

This film festival showcases some of the best in contemporary and classic Mexican-made cinema. The movies will be in Spanish with English subtitles.

All screenings are free and will be shown at the Screening Room, 127 E. Congress St. For movie times and dates, click “show times” at



Fourth Avenue Spring Street Fair: March 20-22

Tucson’s largest art venue, the bi-annual Street Fair, runs along Fourth Avenue from Ninth Street to University Avenue and is open daily from 10 a.m. to 6 p.m. More than 400 art and craft vendors will be there, along with food vendors, a main stage with live music, street performers and kids’ activities.




Civil War re-enactors gather at Picacho Peak State Park in 2014. (Nick Meyers/Aztec Press 2014)

Civil War re-enactors gather at Picacho Peak State Park in 2014. (Nick Meyers/Aztec Press 2014)











Civil War in the Southwest: March 21-22

Hundreds of spectators visit Picacho Peak State Park every year to watch re-enactments of local civil war skirmishes. Re-enactors come from all over, complete with authentic Civil War camping gear. Park admission is $10 per vehicle. Gates open at 9 a.m. Be there by 3 p.m. to catch the last battle.

Details: or call 466-3183



Pg10-Book Festival

Aztec Press 2014 file photo
Visitors throng to the 2014 Festival of Books at the University of Arizona


Is your skin Spring Break ready?

Is your skin Spring Break ready?



The rising temperatures of Spring Break bring with it a desire to let the sun warm our skin and give us that youthful color we admire — a tonic against what we perceive to be an aging pallor.

However, that youthful glow is a bit of a paradox when it comes to healthy and wrinkle-free skin.

Exposing our skin to the harmful rays of the sun can lead to advanced aging, and a very real and dangerous increase in the risk of skin cancer.

Over the past few years, there has been a concerted effort among public agencies and health care professionals to educate sun worshippers to protect themselves against overexposure to the sun.

There are a number of very simple but effective measures that will significantly reduce your risk of skin cancer, or melanoma.

The Centers for Disease Control recommends these easy options:

• Stay in the shade, especially between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m. These are hours when the rays are most dangerous. Also, ultraviolet rays from sunlight are greatest during the late spring and early summer in North America.

• Wear clothing that covers your arms and legs, and a hat with a wide brim to protect your face, head, ears and neck. Don’t think UV rays can only reach you on bright and sunny days.  UV rays can also reach you on cloudy and hazy days, and reflect off water, cement and snow.

• Wear sunglasses that block both UV-A rays (Long-Term rays) and UV-B rays (Short-Term rays). Choose a wrap-around style.

• Use sunscreen with at least a skin protection factor of 15; one that blocks both UVA and UVB rays.

• Avoid indoor tanning beds. You are still exposed to UV radiation when using indoor tanning devices, no matter how sophisticated the technology.

Whether you choose to spend spring break in Tucson or on the beaches of Rocky Point, Mexico, or San Diego, Calif., remember this: The American Southwest is No. 2 in the world for malignant melanoma. The desert regions of Australia’s outback are No. 1.

Most of the skin damage adults see in their 40s was already set in motion in their 20s, and there’s no turning back the clock.

It is especially crucial now to ensure proper protection before going out in the sun to guarantee younger looking skin in the future.

Additionally, do not get caught up in the SPF web. If you find an over-the-counter sunscreen with zinc oxide, you already have the most SPF coverage you need, regardless of the claimed SPF level of protection.

Yes, there are SPFs that climb to 200 but that is overkill. The additional SPF is the manufacturer’s attempt to generate revenue from unsuspecting clients. A maximum SPF15 is the most protection an OTC sunscreen provides.

Your skin is very elastic, durable and complex, and is the largest organ on your body. On your eyelids, your skin may be as thin as a piece of paper. On your feet, it could be a quarter-inch thick.

Referred to as “the mirror of the body,” good looking skin is generally a reflection of overall good health. On the other hand, infections or other health disorders sometimes first make their presence known on the surface of the skin.

When having a friend apply sunscreen to your back, ask them to conduct a quick check to look for spots you can’t see yourself on your neck, back or scalp.

Sites online show you what irregular skin conditions look like. For the best preventive measures, see your doctor for questions regarding health.

Your skin has a variety of functions. The most obvious is to serve as an enclosure for all your other organs. Other functions include temperature regulation, protection, absorption, sensation, secretion and excretion.

Plenty of water keeps these functions working properly and efficiently. Keep your skin’s eliminating metabolism working as best it can.

While others around you may indulge in tasty beverages, keep water as one of your favorites during Spring Break.

Your skin is very tough and waterproof. This helps the skin to protect the body from harmful bacteria and to prevent the absorption of many harmful substances.

Remember these helpful outside tips and help your skin help you.

Maintain personal connections

Maintain personal connections


We have created new forms of communication since the beginning of human existence. In today’s social media-driven society, we could make logical connections in the progression from cave drawings to Instagram photos.

But unlike our ancestors, modern communication does not hold the same need to relay important information.

Social media has changed what we hold dear and how we interact. Receiving “likes” on Facebook, Instagram, YouTube and Twitter seems to take priority over actual human interaction and the social-political issues facing the world.

There is no doubt that social media can do good, and even we journalists use it to reach a larger population of readers. Many groups and organizations maintain websites to inform, organize and create a community. It is evident that social media has played a part in change.

But is the interaction real, or is Facebook breeding apathy and skewed social skills?

Social media works upon both our biological and emotional instincts. With the push of a button, we are able to gain acceptance and become members of a pack. But relationships outside of the Internet take far more work than a “like.”

Younger generations are losing out on valuable learning experiences. The development of trust, body language cues and intimacy cannot be gained by looking at a screen.

Dominance and aggression are also bred online. Cyberbullying and threats have been prevalent reasons for recent suicides in adolescents. Repercussions that would exist in realty are seemingly exempt in the digital world.

I see the positive aspects of social media aiding progressive thinking, but worry that it skews the process of effectively creating lasting change.

The Internet makes it easy to share information about issues that matter, but we still need people to reach out to their legislators, policy makers and community.

Social media is an inevitable aspect of our future and has indeed developed interaction. It is simply not face to face.

My concern is that the lines between the digital world and human world will blur for young people.

If people apply social skills learned from Facebook to their physical peers, we could see more superficially based connections, real life “trolling” and a lax approach to activism.


Verwys tries to utilize social media for good and is confident it has benefits. However, human interaction is needed more now than ever. 

FIRST BITE: Truck offers Italian flair

FIRST BITE: Truck offers Italian flair


Editor’s note: Pima Community College has replaced cafeteria meals with food trucks. Aztec Press is investigating the new options with fork in hand.


Jozarelli’s Italian Street Food is one of the sharpest looking food trucks parked out front of Pima Community College campuses.

While the concept is nothing new, Jozarelli’s separates itself from other food trucks by offering Italian cuisine ranging from pizza and calzones to pasta bowls and sandwich wraps.

When you order one of the many $6 to $9 dishes, you’ll be greeted with a smile and questions to ensure your selection arrives just how you want it.

Your food is made fresh when you order, which is great, but it may pose a problem if you are in a rush to grab a bite before class. Each dish takes around 10 minutes to make.

If you aren’t in a hurry, the truck has an outside television you can watch while your food is being prepared. Thankfully, if you have the time, the food is well worth it.

The dish I ordered, a spicy Italian sausage calzone for $7, was large enough to warrant the price.

The calzone was stuffed to the brim with cheese, basil, red peppers and, of course, sausage. The ingredients were fresh and still full of flavor, not old or bland, which was a worry for me going in.

The combination of friendly staff, a large menu, entertainment and quality of dishes really make Jozarelli’s a standout food truck at Pima.

Just don’t expect them to rush your order.

Pg03-Food truck

The artistically decorated Jozarelli’s Italian Street Food truck awaits customers during a West Campus visit. (Alex Fruechtenicht/Aztec Press)






Pisces (Feb. 19-March 20)

You’ve planned your Spring Break since last year’s shenanigans. That included saving up every dime and constantly checking Groupon deals. You are now ready to rage.

Aries (March 21-April 19)

You’ve been avoiding your responsibilities with constant partying and compulsive spending. Ever heard of meditation or yoga?

Taurus (April 20-May 20)

We get it, you’re full of yourself, but we still love you. We’ll take your #OOTD picture for the Gram, and like it too.

Gemini (May 21-June 21)

You’ve been cooped up in the house with video games, Facebook and Netflix. It’s time to break up with your buddies for Spring Break! Make some new friends, who are actual people.

Cancer (June 22-July 22)

You’ve decided to spend your break at home, relaxing. No work, classes or homework? Sounds like a vacation to me.

Leo (July 23-Aug. 22)

You’re dealing with a drastic change in your life. It could be a breakup or getting fired, but you still need to look on the bright side, literally. It’s Spring Break, go get some sun.

Virgo (Aug. 23-Sept. 22)

Congrats on the new job, new car or any new responsibilities you’ve taken on. Virgo, this is the perfect time to bust out your victory dance moves.

Libra (Sept. 23-Oct. 22)

Your scale needs some calibration. You’ve been doing overtime at the gym, but you can’t keep rewarding yourself with pizza right after each workout.

Scorpio (Oct. 23-Nov. 21)

You’ve never thought of yourself as the “working” type. You don’t want none, unless they’ve got funds, hon. But the next person who tries to change that, your anaconda should reconsider.

Sagittarius (Nov. 22-Dec. 21)

You’re holding grudges and you need to let it go. Some people won’t like you and everything you stand for, and that’s OK. You’re all you need, “wolves don’t lose sleep over the opinion of sheep.”

Capricorn (Dec. 22-Jan. 19)

Can you remember the last time you treated yourself? A shopping spree, cheat-day meals worthy of the gods or just time to yourself is all in your future.

Aquarius (Jan. 20-Feb. 18)

Life is passing you by. Friends are earning their degrees and getting married. Before you know it, you’ll still be at your minimum wage job and going home to your 10 cats.

Arts Briefs

Arts Briefs


Piano concert March 21

Pima Community College music instructors Raymond Ryder and June Chow-Tyne will perform a piano concert on March 21 at 7:30 p.m. at the PCC Center for the Arts Recital Hall. Admission is $8, with discounts available.

Ryder has a private teaching studio in Tucson in addition to teaching piano at PCC. Chow-Tyne has performed extensively in Asia and North America as a soloist and chamber music player.

For ticket information, call the box office at 206-6986 or visit

-By Katie Stewart-Vacio


Native American culture pageant

The Native American Student Association will hold a pageant March 28 to select Miss Indian Pima Community College.

The main purpose of the pageant is to promote the culture and traditions of Native American students, according to NASA vice chairman Deljean Valentine.

“There are many nations but we are all different nations,” she said. “NASA’s goal is to promote unity and understanding in spite of differences.”

Pageant contestants will showcase their talents through dance, skits, storytelling and singing.  They will also write an essay.

The runner-up will hold the title of first attendant.

For additional details, email

-By Kit B. Fassler


Photojournalism exhibit on display

East Campus will host a photo exhibit and special presentation by Pulitzer Prize- winning photojournalist José Galvez March 26.

Galvez earned his degree in journalism at the University of Arizona and worked for major newspapers including the Los Angeles Times after graduating.

His roots in the southwest are reflected in his images covering Latino life and the Chicano movement.

His photos, in honor of Cesar Chavez, have been on display in the East Campus Library since March 2 and will remain until March 26.

Galvez will be speaking to PCC students at 10:10 a.m. in the Library Learning Studio and at noon in the Art Studio, Room E-5.

The headline presentation, “Shine” begins at 2 p.m. in Community Room, L-101. The talk is free and open to the public.

For more information on the exhibit, email or call 206-7616.

Information about José Galvez can be found at

East Campus is located at 8181 E. Irvington Road.

-By Jamie Verwys

BY THE NUMBERS: March Madness

BY THE NUMBERS: March Madness


Compiled by Deanna Sherman

9.2 quintillion*

Chances of you filling out a “perfect bracket.”

60 million*

Number of Americans who fill out a bracket each year.

$1 billion*

Amount of money potentially spent on off-book gambling.

$1.34 million***

The average cost for a 30-second ad during March Madness in 2012.


Payment total that Warren Buffet gives to the 20 closest bracket predictions.


Total attendance at the first NCAA men’s basketball tournament in 1939.


The year it is believed the first “bracket challenge” began.


Number of University of Arizona NCAA tournament appearances.


Number of UA Final Four appearances.


Year that UA won the national championship.







New ‘Ghostbusters’ reboot sparks gender controversy

New ‘Ghostbusters’ reboot sparks gender controversy



Nerds everywhere are protesting the upcoming “Ghostbusters” reboot, starring—gasp—women!

Paul Feig (“Bridesmaids”) will direct the “Ghostbusters” remake, which is scheduled for release on July 22, 2016. The film will star comedians Kristen Wiig, Melissa McCarthy, Kate McKinnon and Leslie Jones.

The news has spawned an onslaught of opinions, from advocates of female power to die-hard fans.

Feig told Rolling Stone that he loves the original “Ghostbusters” and has no desire to ruin that memory.

“Let’s just restart it because then we can have new dynamics,” he said. “I want the technology to be even cooler.”

There are some who don’t take this “let’s just restart it” business so lightly. Like the barrage of men posting YouTube videos, alone in their basements, grieving over their soon-to-be-ruined childhoods.

Each video starts basically the same way: I’m not sexist but—.

This is usually followed by a rant, pointing out that women have just never fought ghosts. They also make demands, such as—give the fans what they want, and just let the “Ghostbusters” die.

Rolling Stone asked Feig what he thought about a Deadline article titled “Do We Want An Estrogen-Powered ‘Ghostbusters?’”

“I really cannot believe we’re still having this conversation,” Feig said. “When people accuse it of being a gimmick I go, ‘Why is a movie starring women considered a gimmick and a movie starring men is just a normal movie?’”

The Deadline article, written by self-proclaimed film chauvinist Mike Fleming Jr., says there is an economic upside to the double-X chromosome reboot:

“We are seeing a recognition that women will come to the movies if there is something in it for them, as evidenced by the ‘Twilight’ saga, ‘The Hunger Games,’ ‘Divergent,’ ‘The Other Woman’ and last weekend’s winner, ‘Lucy,’ with ‘Gone Girl’ and ‘Fifty Shades Of Grey.’”

Fleming follows his explanation of the women-going-to-movies phenomenon with a question: “Does that give them the right to take ‘Ghostbusters’ from knuckle-dragging Neanderthals like me who have little else going for us but our all-time top 10 or 20 favorite guy movies?”

Well, Fleming Jr., let me put your mind at ease. Feig will not be scouring your movie collection for your old “Ghostbusters”—not your illegal downloads, not your Blu-rays, not your DVDs and certainly not that old VHS copy under your pillow.

Fleming goes on to say he wanted to see the remake star a combination of Hollywood’s leading male comedians such as Jonah Hill, Ben Stiller and Vince Vaughn. He even points out that those were the stars of a 2012 movie, “The Watch.”

In “The Watch,” a band of men defend the world against other-worldly beings. There is slime, matching uniforms and weapons that blast neon light. Sound familiar? And yet, according to Fleming, it was a flop.

So, Junior, for your second piece of advice, may I suggest you take a class, at your local community college perhaps, on rhetorical argument.

In Summer 2014, it was announced on “The View” that the new Thor series would star a goddess of thunder.

In an article for the Huffington Post, Sara Roncero-Menendez wrote: “Not a Thor sidekick. Not simply a gender-swapped Thor-ess or Lady Thor. Just ‘Thor,’ a woman worthy of wielding the hammer in her own right.”

Roncero-Menendez touted the importance of diversity.

“It’s important for audiences of all ages to see people like them saving the world, including people who don’t happen to be white heterosexual males,” she said.

On, Brett Schenker pointed out that of the 24 million self-identified comic fans on Facebook in the United States, 46.7 percent are female.

The fact of the matter is, women have notoriously been underrepresented in Hollywood.

The top 100 grossing films of 2013 overwhelmingly starred males, according to a report by San Diego State University film professor Martha Lauzen.

“I would say that the film business is in a state of gender inertia,” Lauzen told the Los Angeles Times. “If you take a look at the numbers, you see basically we are in the same place we were about a decade ago.”

Kinda makes you wonder—what the hell, Hollywood? Strong women are in. As a culture, we are hungry for strong females. Women want to be strong, men want to be around them.

Chris Hardwick, the host of @midnight, falls on the side of the debate with people not afraid of the 21st century.

“Embrace this brave new world where women wear jumpsuits and fire neutrino wands,” he says.

Touché Chris, and cheers to a world where women everywhere go to theaters, star in movies and—fight ghosts.


This cover shows “Ghostbusters” (also known “The New Ghostbusters”) Volume 5, which was released in Summer 2013. (© IDW Publishing Comics)


One is never too old to learn

One is never too old to learn



Tenny Tenka, 63, sits upright, knees together, back arched and not quite touching the chair, seemingly positioned in the very manner of a proper Chinese lady.

The Pima Community College student made her way to the United States from Indonesia in 2010 after the death of her husband, leaving behind her entire surviving family and relocating to a place she had never been before.

The first thing she did upon arrival was find a school to learn English.

“It was my passion,” she said,  beaming. “I took classes four days a week. I like to learn.”

Tenka would like to eventually master Spanish and French as well. Ultimately, she dreams of becoming a writer.

Her storied journey begins more than 100 years ago with her grandfather and parents on the southeast coast of China in Hokkien, known as Fujian Province. Her parents immigrated to Indonesia before she was born.

Many ethnic Chinese around the world, especially in Southeast Asia, trace their ancestry to Fujian.

Tenka lived through tumultuous times in Indonesia, including a series of uprisings in 1965-66 involving the 30 September Movement that killed more than 500,000 people. The secondary school she attended as a 15-year-old was seized.

Her husband died at age 61 after contracting what Americans refer to as black lung. He acquired the condition as a result of painting fenders on cars without protection or proper ventilation, and from working in an atmosphere filled with second-hand smoke.

After his death, Tenka emigrated to the U.S. through the applied efforts of her younger sister. Her sister arrived 30 years ago, and now lives in Sahuarita.

Tenka left behind three sons. Martin, 36, and Ricky, 33, moved to Australia a half-decade ago. Her youngest son, Renaldo, remains in Indonesia.

She has applied to bring Renaldo to the U.S., but it takes five-to-10 years for approvals from U.S. Customs and Immigration. Her own immigration in 2010 followed an approved application submitted by her sister in 1998.

Tenka grew up speaking Mandarin Chinese, a dialect different from the language spoken by her parents. She learned a little English as a child, but quickly forgot it.

She now attends English as a Second Language class at Pima’s West and Northwest campuses, and works in the deli department at a Fry’s grocery in Sahuarita.

Some co-workers and customers were initially impatient with her lack of communication skills, Tenka admits. That was both challenging and disheartening at times.

Her Fry’s supervisor, manager Bechir Sfaxi, says Tenka’s communication skills have greatly improved. “She knows her job and gets along well with her co-workers and customers.”

Tenka drives to her job at Fry’s but takes the bus to her Pima classes.

“I am a slow driver, so I only drive in Sahuarita,” she said with a renewed school-girl grin.

There are many things that Tenka misses about Indonesia, including the spices and the smell of the earth.

“It not same smell,” she says with a lingering accent not easily detected in earlier responses. “The beauty of the clothes, the fabrics, all different, not like here.”

She goes on, trying to paint word pictures to describe the type of woven fabric she is envisioning, how it’s made and how it shimmers. “Not like silk, better.”

Tenka remembers the beautiful foliage of Indonesia, and laments that her former engulfing color of green is wiped from her new landscape.

And lastly, the air. The air she breathes in Tucson doesn’t feel quite the same.

She also misses celebrating an esteemed annual tradition to honor family ancestors, held on April 5 at the cemetery and in July at the temple.

Tenka’s marriage was not arranged, as was the tradition in many areas of China, but her parents enjoyed a successful arranged marriage for 55 years.

Her parents never expressed outward emotions such as holding hands or kissing in public, but it was quite clear to Tenka that her parents were in love. “My parents were very happy,” she says.

Public displays of affection are prohibited in Chinese tradition and are against the law in Indonesia.

“Americans hold hands in public and always say, ‘I love you,’” Tenka says. “We don’t do that.” Does she miss her husband? “Yes,” she replies. “I miss him very much.”

Would she ever re-marry? Tenka remains silent for a moment, long enough to suggest that she either did not hear the question or considers it too personal.

She raises her head. “If I meet the right person, I would consider to get remarried. But have to be the right person,” she says.

“I’m rabbit in Chinese zodiac, which means I like safety and to be comfortable in my own space.  Future husband have to understand that.”

Pg07-Tenny Tenka

Tenny Tenka, 63, an ESL student, stands proud to be a part of Pima Community College to further her education. (Emery Nicoletti/Aztec Press)


Actors enjoy ‘tightly knit’ ensemble

Actors enjoy ‘tightly knit’ ensemble



Trademark silliness will be on display Feb. 26 through March 8 as the Pima Community College arts department presents Monty Python’s “Spamalot” at the West Campus Proscenium Theatre.

A cast of 23 students will perform. The Aztec Press interviewed two, Kainon Bachtel and Maria Gawne.

Kainon Bachtel (Aztec Press photo by Nick Meyers)

Kainon Bachtel (Aztec Press photo by Nick Meyers)

Bachtel said playing Sir Robin will be one of the greatest roles in his acting career.

His favorite part of the show is when he sings “You won’t succeed on Broadway” to King Arthur. The number involves several cast members singing and dancing on stage.

“This is the sort that is only fostered by a tightly knit ensemble, like the one I am so lucky to be a part of,” he said.

Bachtel praised the talents of choreographer Mickey Nugent, music director Martha Reed and director Todd Poelstra.

“This production is unlike anything else I have ever been in,” he said. “The whole show, beginning to end, is all about high stakes, and the only thing that makes a show like that work is lots of drive, lots of focus and lots of energy.”

Bachtel was born in Palm Springs and moved to Tucson during his senior year of high school. He attended Tucson High, where he learned more about acting from teachers Kathleen Erickson and Art Almquist.

He first studied acting when he was in California, attending the first part of high school in Humboldt County.

Bachtel enjoys other creative outlets, including writing and video design. He was able to use his video skills in “Spamalot” and in a previous PCC production, “Stuart Little.”

Maria Gawne (Aztec Press photo by Nick Meyers)

Maria Gawne (Aztec Press photo by Nick Meyers)

Gawne, who plays the “Lady of the Lake,” said playing that role was one of her goals. She enjoys the part, and feels it has improved her singing skills.

The Florida native starting acting 16 years ago in high school and college. She has spent time in New York and Pennsylvania, and was able to see a “Spamalot” production on Broadway.

In Tucson, she has worked with community groups including Gaslight Theatre, Borderlands and Studio Connections. She has also done some directing.

Gawne auditioned for Pima’s version of “Spamalot” after theater students told her about the faculty at the Center for the Arts. She was intrigued, and became interested in learning from them.

Plans after Pima include attending graduate school. She would like to study directing and video production.

Hobbies include sports and “movement” photography, as well as studying anatomy.

Both actors said the directors have made the play a great piece, and called the production “the best they have worked on.”

Fun opens will silly SPAMboree

Opening night of “Spamalot” on Feb. 26 will feature a pre-show SPAMboree and a VIP guest artist.

SPAMboree begins at 6:30 p.m., with all activities included in the show ticket price.

Zany contests will include Spam tasting, a cow catapult contest, coconut clapping, a selfie “Shoot and Share” booth and a Monty Python trivia contest. Prizes will be awarded.

The guest artist was selected in a random drawing from among people who answered a Center for the Arts email.

The VIP guest will appear onstage in a cameo appearance during opening night only.

Other special events during the show’s run will take place on Wednesday, March 4.

American Sign Language interpreters will be on stage that night to help hearing-impaired members of the audience.

The Molly Starr Scholarship Endowment Benefit will also be held March 4 to benefit theater arts students.

Ticket prices will be more expensive, with the extra funds used for scholarship awards.

Regular tickets cost $16 for students and $18 for the general public. Discounted tickets costing $15 are available for groups of 10 or more, seniors and military personnel.

“Spamalot” runs about two hours, with an intermission.

The theater production lovingly rips off the motion picture “Monty Python and the Holy Grail,” with original screenplay by famed Monty Python creators Graham Chapman, John Cleese, Terry Gilliam, Eric Idle, Terry Jones and Michael Palin.

The play parodies the legend of King Arthur and his knights of the Round Table.

Signature characters include beautiful showgirls, cows, killer rabbits and Not Dead Fred.

The show also irreverently satarizes Vegas glitz and Broadway conventions.

The 2005 Broadway production won three Tony Awards, including Best Musical, and received 14 nomination. The show’s run continued on Broadway until 2009.

“Slapstick buffoonery” isthe phrase PCC director Todd Poelstra uses to characterize the humor.

“This production borrows lines and jokes freely from the original film and fans will be intrigued by the trademark silliness and humor to be expected,” he said.

For further information, call 206-6986 or visit

-By Alyssa Ramer

Lady of the Lake (Maria Gawne) and Sir Galahad (Rafael Acuna) rehearse a scene. “Spamalot,” opens a two-week run on Feb. 26. (Photo courtesy of Carol Carder, PCC Center for the Arts)

Lady of the Lake (Maria Gawne) and Sir Galahad (Rafael Acuna) rehearse a scene. “Spamalot,” opens a two-week run on Feb. 26. (Photo courtesy of Carol Carder, PCC Center for the Arts)













“Monty Python’s Spamalot”

Dates: Feb. 26-March 8

Times: Wednesdays-Fridays: 7:30 p.m.

       Saturday, Feb. 28: 7:30 p.m.

       Saturday, March 7: 2 p.m. and 7:30 p.m.

       Sundays: 2 p.m.

Special events:

       ASL interpreters: Wednesday, March 4

       Scholarship Endowment Benefit: March 4

Where: Proscenium Theatre, West Campus CFA

Tickets: $18, with discounts available

Box office: 206-6986


Best Bets

Best Bets


Compiled by Katie Stewart Vacio

Upcoming events ranging from the rodeo parade to a steam punk convention adopting a western theme, but other festivals emphasize peace and artistic endeavors.

La Fiesta de los Vaqueros Rodeo:

Feb. 21-March 1 

Events from rodeo competitions to barn dances will take place at the Tucson Rodeo Grounds, 4823 S. Sixth Ave. Daily admission prices range from $14 to $28. Parking costs $5.

Details: or 741-2233

Night at Trail Dust Town: Feb. 25 

The Fiesta de los Vaqueros Tucson Rodeo returns to Trail Dust Town and Pinnacle Peak Steakhouse, 6541 E. Tanque Verde Road. The event starts at 5 p.m. with a petting zoo and dining specials at the steakhouse. Loop Rawlins-Wild West will perform trick roping, whip cracking and gun-spinning during two shows at 5:30 p.m. and 6:30 p.m. A rodeo dance starts at 7 p.m. in the Savoy Opera House with a local favorite, the Jack Bishop and the Robert Moreno Band, playing country tunes.

Details: or 296-4551


Rodeo Day Parade: Feb. 26

The world’s longest non-motorized parade celebrates its 90th

anniversary this year. The annual Rodeo Day Parade will begin at

9 a.m. The 1.5-mile route starts at Park and Fair avenues, goes south on Park to Irvington Road, west on Irvington to Sixth Avenue and north on Sixth to the north side of the Tucson Rodeo Grounds. Tickets for grandstand seats on Irvington Road cost $10 for adults and $5 for children under 13. For tickets, call 294-1280.

Details: or


Annual Peace Corps Fair: Feb. 27

The Peace Corps program at the University of Arizona is sponsoring this event, held at the UA Student Union North Ballroom from 11 a.m.-2 p.m., to celebrate the founding of the Peace Corps more than 50 years ago. Festivities include interactive exhibits, an African market and a Pacific Island village. Local organizations will also be available to provide information about how to get involved in the local community.


Peace Fair and Music Festival: Feb. 28

The Tucson Peace Center will host its 33rd annual free festival at Reid Park, near 22nd Street and Country Club Road, from 11 a.m.-

4 p.m. Festivities include live music, entertainment, displays,

children’s activities and food vendors.



Oro Valley Spring Festival of the Arts: 

Feb. 28- March 01

The Oro Valley Festival of the Arts at Oro Valley Marketplace will feature works by regional artisans and craftspeople at 12155 N. Oracle Road from 11 a.m.- 4 p.m. with free admission for the public.

Details: or 797-3959


Wild Wild West Steampunk: March 6-8

Old Tucson will transform itself into a western-style steampunk theme park when the Wild Wild West Steam punk convention returns for its fourth year. Activities include concerts, street performers, special events, panels, workshops, rides and games. Online ticket sales end March 1. Event times and ticket prices are available on the website. Old Tucson is located at 201 S. Kinney Road.


Arizona Renaissance Festival:

Through March 29

The 26th annual event takes place every Saturday and Sunday through March 29 from 10 a.m.-6 p.m. It will also be open on

President’s Day, Feb. 16.

Tickets cost $20-$22 for adults, with various discounts available. Parking is free.



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